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What is Fascia & Why You Need to Stretch It?

First, what is fascia exactly? 

Here's the Fascia Research Congress definition:

"A fascia is a sheath, a sheet, or any other dissectible aggregations of connective tissue that forms beneath the skin to attach, enclose, and separate muscles and other internal organs.”

AND

"The fascial system consists of the three-dimensional continuum of soft, collagen containing, loose and dense fibrous connective tissues that permeate the body. It incorporates elements such as adipose tissue, adventitiae and neurovascular sheaths, aponeuroses, deep and superficial fasciae, epineurium, joint capsules, ligaments, membranes, meninges, myofascial expansions, periostea, retinacula, septa, tendons, visceral fasciae, and all the intramuscular and intermuscular connective tissues including endo-/peri-/epimysium. The fascial system surrounds, interweaves between, and interpenetrates all organs, muscles, bones and nerve fibers, endowing the body with a functional structure, and providing an environment that enables all body systems to operate in an integrated manner.

BUT

Here’s a simple analogy: Your body is like a bowl of soup.

Fascia is like the broth in a bowl of vegetable soup, connecting, penetrating, permeating, and separating all the vegetables… which are like the muscles, bones, organs, ligaments, tendons, fat, skin, and everything else. 

Second, why is fascia so important and actually the root cause of pain.

Each individual muscle fibre is poured into a fascia pocket. So in order for your muscles to be both flexible and strong, your fascia has to be healthy.

Healthy fascia is pliable, bendable, hydrated, gushy, flexibly, moving, changing, elasticity. Unhealthy fascia is cemented, stiff, tough, matted, like a brick wall, plastic-y, unbendable, tough, dry, brittle and hard.

When our muscles are strong and flexible they move us around with ease and grace. But when our fascia becomes unhealthy, it binds and strangulates our muscles... making us weak and stiff and ultimately causing us pain.

One of the most common areas where pain occurs in the body is at a joint or in the spine (ankles, knees, hips, SI Joint, low back, middle back, upper back, shoulders, neck, elbows, wrists). This happens because over time our muscles accumulated too much dense fascia - from repetitive movements or a lack of diversity of movement. The muscles stop doing their job to move our bodies around - to make movements in other words. But we keep moving. So our joints overwork to allow our bodies to move. Eventually wear and tear in the joint shows up and you experience pain and injury.

The most common approach to solving this is to ‘strengthen’ muscles in the body. However, if you don’t remove some of the dense fascia first, the strengthening won’t work.

Lastly, how do you treat your fascia?

There are a number of methods out there that treat fascia. The Bendable Body Method is very effective because it targets the densest, stiffest fascia - without pain. It also simultaneously strengthens muscles and establishes correct posture.

The fascia is activated and engaged when you eccentrically stretch it with resistance. This means putting the target muscle in a short or contracted position and resisting while you lengthen it for the stretch. It’s the exact opposite of a concentric strength training movement. We recommend you follow the 4 Pillars of a stretch to get started.

Give this stretch a try and discover what it means to release your fascia:

Start in a lunge position with target leg forward. Resist driving target foot down and back to engage the fascia in the central hamstring (center back of thigh). Continue to resist while sitting hips back to stretch the fascia. Release the resistance and return to the start position. Try 3 sets of 10 repititions on both legs.

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